Know Your Rights
Do I need to talk to the police? Talking with Police:
Whatever the police lead you to believe, it is rarely advantageous to answer
police questions about a crime. Whether you committed a crime or not,
whether you believe you are a suspect or not, it is almost never advisable
to answer police questions about a crime outside of the presence of a
criminal defense attorney.
Contact the Law Office of Christopher P. Welch for more information about your case.
Police encounters are divided into three categories:
Consensual Encounters — In a consensual encounter, you are free to leave and are simply talking
to the police voluntarily. An officer may approach you and ask if you
can answer a few questions. While you should always be polite, if the
questions they ask make you uncomfortable in any way, ask if you are free
to leave and then explain that you do not have time to continue the encounter.
Detentions — In a detention, the officer has the ability to stop you for a brief period
of time to ask you questions. If you are initially stopped for a traffic
violation, this is usually a detention. Nearly everyone experiences a
detention at some point in time. You are not free to leave during a detention.
You may need to provide basic identifying information. However, you are
still not required to provide any information that may be incriminating.
Many arrests begin as detentions, and responding properly to a detention
is extremely important in preserving your freedom. You will not have the
right to an attorney during a detention, however, you can speak to Chris
Welch today so you can be ready to preserve your Constitutional rights
during a detention.
Arrest — Once you have been arrested, do not resist arrest in any way. Comply with
the officer’s requests and treat the officers politely and with
respect. However, as you will be advised, you have a right not to answer
any questions until you have an attorney. It does not matter what the
police say, do not allow questioning to begin until you have a qualified
attorney with you.
During any of the above encounters with police, before you allow the police
to conduct any kind of search, ask them if you have the right to refuse
the search. If they say you can refuse, it is usually in your best interest
to refuse consent, even if they try to convince you otherwise. Be sure
to refuse politely and respectfully.
Right To An Attorney
After an arrest, you have a constitutional right to consult with counsel during:
- Questioning while in police custody
- Commencement of formal proceedings
- All other critical stages of the proceedings, including lineups, jury selection,
sentencing, trial, etc.
While you are in jail, you also have a right to privately consult with